What Is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis is an increased curvature of the spine, there are 5 different types of scoliosis which includes:
- Idiopathic (cause unknown) scoliosis – this is the most common type of scoliosis, accounting for about eight cases out of every 10.
- Infantile idiopathic scoliosis – usually develops before the age of three years. Boys are more commonly affected.
- Juvenile idiopathic scoliosis – usually develops between three and 10 years of age. Girls are more commonly affected.
- Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis – most cases of scoliosis tend to develop prior to adolescence and during the growth spurt. Girls are more commonly affected.
- Adult scoliosis – scoliosis is uncommon in adults. Adult scoliosis is sometimes caused by a degenerative joint problem. In most cases, the scoliosis started in childhood but was not diagnosed until later in life.
How Is It Diagnosed?
Physical assessment + XRAY
X-rays can confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis and identify the severity of the spinal curvature.
What Potential Short/Long Term Treatments May Include
Depending on the type of scoliosis and severity treatments may include general posture improvement and pain relief techniques, rehabilitation, bracing, and pre and post-surgical care.
Most cases of scoliosis are manageable with a Conservative approach and have the best results when the condition is detected early, and treated with appropriate and proven methods. Physiotherapy will involve strengthening exercises and functional mobility to improve posture and aim to slow the progression and manage symptoms.