Muscle strains and tears can be the curse of the athlete.  Improper diagnosis and rehab will ensure ongoing disability and dysfunction and will inevitable lead to poor performance and re-injury.  Often people rest it and then get straight back into it but often the muscles scars up in the wrong way and becomes a point of weakness.  Combine this with not identifying the cause of the muscle tear in the first place (most muscle tears are believed to be preventable!!) we have an ongoing issue.

 

Common muscles that get torn include

  • The dreaded hammy tear can be one of the most difficult tears to treat because most people get it wrong the first time it happens.
    • There are 3 distinct parts to the hamstrings and what we often see is an imbalance between 2 parts resulting in a tear.
    • Combine this with issues at the lumopelvic region, gluteal muscle dysfunction and calf issues the hammies are on a hiding to nothing
    • Often occur when changing direction or sprinting. Some hammie tears occur when over stretching such as in dancing and waterskiing
    • New research is leading us down a new revolutionary way of treating hammies but you need to start ASAP.
    • Done it a few times??? Never fear we will have some solutions for chronic hamstring tears/dysfunction for you as well
  • Calves
    • The calves consist of three primary muscles which work together to allow you to push off through your toes and bend your knee. Like the hammies it can drastically affect your ability to run and perform and they are renowned repeat offender.
    • Often imbalances exist between the calf muscles or higher up in the body which can easily be dealt with. The calves are the last big muscles in the chain and if things up higher don’t work the calves are left to deal with the load and they don’t handle it too well!!
    • Calves commonly tear when changing from running backwards to forwards
  • Groin
    • Torn groins can be terribly painful and can lead to a plethora of issues (or those issues can cause the tear).
    • There are three major adductor muscles – longus, brevis and magnus as well as the gracilus, pectineus and hip flexor. All of these muscles can be damaged or play a role in damaging one of the others
    • The key to groin tears is not letting them become chronic. We need to address the hip lumbopelvic region and the groin itself to figure out what is going on
    • Groins often tear when changing direction sideways while running or over stretching with the leg away from the body
  • Quads
    • The quads are a group of muscles at the front of the thigh.
    • They often tear during kicking, running and jumping
    • It is crucial to ensure we have the right balance of muscles working across the abdominals, hips and thigh and lumbopelvic mobility is optimal

 

Remember muscles can have damage through contact such as in a “cork”.  A cork is not too different to a tear in terms of the injury and it is extremely important that is get treated appropriately so that you don’t have ongoing issues and permanent damage

The 2 best bits of advice you can get for dealing with an acute muscle injury – is RICE still right??