Foot deformities include:


  • Metatarsus Adductus (pigeon toe)
    • the toes point inwards from the middle of the foot towards the toes (normal heel position)
    • may be related to intra uterine positioning
    • often identified when under 2 years of age
  • Talipes Equinavarus (club foot)
    • Affected foot appears to rotate inwards
    • Usually diagnosed at birth
    • Easy to correct in most cases
  • Calcaneovalgus Foot
    • Refers to an excessively bent ankle often due to a soft tissue contracture
    • Often caused by intra-uterine positioning


Paediatric physiotherapists can assist with applying bracing or corrections to prevent long term issues.  If they have gait abnormalities including limp or misaligned feet or knees it could be due to one of these issues