Arthritis is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. The pain from arthritis is due to inflammation that occurs around the joint, damage to the joint from disease, daily wear and tear of joint, muscle strains caused by forceful movements against stiff painful joints and fatigue.
The 2 major types are:
The most common form of arthritis. It can affect both the larger and the smaller joints of the body, including the hands, wrists, feet, back, hip, and knee. the disease is essentially one acquired from daily wear and tear of the joint, however, osteoarthritis can also occur as a result of injury. Osteoarthritis begins in the cartilage and eventually causes the two opposing bones to erode into each other, which can be quite painful.
- Rheumatiod Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a disorder in which the body's own immune system starts to attack body tissues. the attack is not only directed at the joint but to many other parts of the body. In rheumatoid arthritis, most damage occurs to the joint lining and cartilage which eventually results in erosion of two opposing bones.
Physiotherapy has been shown to significantly improve function, decrease pain, and delay need for surgical intervention in advanced cases. Exercise prescribed by a physiotherapist has been shown to be more effective than medications in treating osteoarthritis. Exercise often focuses on improving muscle strength, endurance and flexibility. Resistance training also offers benefits in weight management and improvements in balance, flexibility, bone density, sleep patterns and self-confidence.